While you know it’s important to learn first aid procedures, it’s often difficult to remember them when the time has come to use them. Thankfully, there are some simple things you can do to remember not only the steps to managing an injury, but also why you need to perform these steps. In learning to easily recall first aid procedures, you will be able to step in and help immediately.
Determine how serious the injury is and what the Good Samaritan can do
The first step in handling an injury is to determine how serious the injury is. If you’ve seen someone injured, it’s important to determine what level of care that individual will need. While you may be trained to help an acquaintance get treated, it’s critical to remember your initial duties. Can they be any? Will they be any enough? These questions determine how much you’re able to do. Are you trained to help an stranger, or is the injury too severe for anyone else to take over?
Move to the location
The next thing you need to do is move to the location of the injury. By this point, you should have radioed for help, and a description of the location with directions to the nearest hospital, police, or any other emergency authority. Make sure you stay out of the way as much as possible. Although, you can still take cover as there are creeps in every open field.
Prepare the injured person
You should now take over the injured person. Putting on gloves and an injection might be wise. This will prevent the stranger from receiving broken bones, allergic reactions, humiliation, and infection from the clean, non-invasive procedure. It’s also important to remember this may be a life-or-death situation, it’s important to act now.
Charge the trauma kit
Now charge the trauma kit. If the injured person was participates in a sports injury play, it’s important to administer first aid for a concussion, broken bone, or blood loss. Blood and trauma kit treatment could be the difference between life and death.
The next thing to do is to provide first aid for the victim in the emergency room. When the victim is unconscious, they will bleed and monitor for signs of breathing. Only if these are available, fluids and a pulse will be good. For all other injuries you will need to administer CPR, or Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation.
This is where you will either be vaccinated or treated with antibiotics. This is a serious situation so follow all precautions. Whether you are or aren’t vaccinated, you or any of your family members should be vaccinated for Hepatitis A and B virus in order to prevent severe illness. It’s also a good idea to be vaccinated for typhoid as well as meningococcal diseases.
Be sure to give immediate aid for any burns. If the victim suffered severe burns as a result of an accident, apply cloths and/or moleskin for around three minutes. If the victim suffered electrocution, immediately provide CPR for five minutes, if possible before any medical professionals arrive. It’s also good to remember to cover the mouth and nose with a clean rag when administering mouth to mouth ventilation.
Don’t move the victim if severe swelling appears around his neck, change the position of the victim at least every hour, and keep the victim wrapped in a covered hazard.
Immediate medical assistance
If the victim begins to expel fluids via his nose, possible CPR must be performed. If the victim is non-responsive, if his pupils are not dilated, and the heart is not beating, then, start CPR. CPR must be continued for at least 2 minutes, and until emergency medical services arrive or until the victim is taken back to the hospital.
It’s important that first aid is given immediately or the victim could die.
A Caregiver should be there to help the victim recover and should also be available to take the victim to the hospital when the doctor can’t handle the victim on his own.